Civilization began in Egypt since prehistoric times by about one hundred thousand years, and considered the ancient Egyptians since the late Paleolithic 9 thousand in BC as a stand-alone mother and called themselves the people of Egypt
The start of the state in Egypt when the united provinces in the kingdoms of the Kingdom of the north in the Lower capital Bhutto in the west of the Delta and its logo papyrus and worship the god HOR and symbol of the serpent, the Kingdom of the South was its capital, Betray or Cape Current and logo Lotus and worship the god of SIT has had several attempts in the era of pre-history to unite the kingdoms of the north and south, but did not bear fruit, even sat MENA or NARMER to the south of the Kingdom of age 3200 BC, which is his light-historic era and the beginning of the era of the dynasties of which there were 30 families
Extends the Pharaonic era in Egypt's history to about three thousand years from 3200 BC until Alexander the Great invaded Egypt in 323 BC.
Department of archaeologists and historians, the Pharaonic era into three periods: -
1 - Old Kingdom 2980 BC 2475 BC.
2 - The Middle Kingdom 2160 BC and 1580 BC.
3 - MODERN Kingdom 1580 BC to 1150 BC.
Old Kingdom 2980 BC 2475 BC
Egyptian civilization evolved and crystallized the principles of the central government, called the King MENA titles King of the Two Lands, and the owner of Thrones This unit has been an important factor in the renaissance of Egypt in the various aspects of life, where found, Egyptian hieroglyphic writing and is interested in the Kings to secure the country's borders and the active trade movement between Egypt and Sudan, and received Egypt is a great era in the history of the era known as the builders of the pyramids, and saw the building this state's first pyramid, the pyramid of SAQQARAH, with the development of agriculture, industry and commerce Egyptians used the first river fleet.
Middle Kingdom 2160 BC and 1580 BC
Kings of the Central projects most beneficial to the people, were important projects, irrigation, agriculture, trade, and dug a channel between the Nile and the Red Sea, and began to run the mines and quarries and proposed arts and architecture, but the end of the rule of this state has seen the invasion of the HYKSOS and their occupation of Egypt around in 1657 BC, and continued to rule the country about 150 years.
Modern Kingdom 1580 BC to 1150 BC.
This age began after the King AHMOS defeated the HYKSOS and expelled out of the country and returned security and stability to the country
And This era also witnessed revolution of AKHENATON religious calling to worship one God and the symbol of a sun disc and established a new capital for the country he called AKHETATON and Egypt suffered since the rule of the family 21 to 28 for the occupation of each of the Assyrians in 670 BC, then the Persians until the end the rule of the Pharaohs with the families of 30 Alexander the Great invaded Egypt.